The U.S. International Trade Commission has issued rulings that could damage Canadian industry in three markets – raspberries, codfish and shoes.
Ending many months of investigation, the commission voted to impose anti- dumping duties on Canadian dried and salted codfish, worth more than $20-million last year, and on Canadian raspberries, worth more than $6- million.
In a separate case, the commission recommended President Ronald Reagan impose a global quota on footwear imports. This is aimed primarily at cheap shoe suppliers in such countries as Taiwan, but footwear imports from Canada, worth $33.5-million last year, could be caught too.
The five-member commission ruled unanimously that Canadian imports are injuring the domestic raspberry industry and should be subject to a penalty duty that ranges from 0.3 per cent to 25.8 per cent of the border value, depending on the individual company.
It was a victory for raspberry growers in such northwestern U.S. states as Oregon and Washington, who have spent more than $100,000 pressing federal trade law enforcement agencies to penalize their Canadian competitors, most of whom are based in British Columbia.
In a four-to-one vote, the commission found Canadian exporters, primarily Crown- owned Canadian Salt- fish Corp. of St. John’s, have injured the industry in Puerto Rico, a century-old market for Canada.
Codfish Corp. of Ponce, Puerto Rico, had charged that Canadian exporters were selling their product at less than fair value, which was retarding its ability to establish a viable business.
The anti-dumping duties in that case range from 20.75 per cent of the value of the St. John’s company’s shipments to a low of 1.27 per cent for National Sea Products Ltd. of Halifax. The final duty orders for raspberries and codfish are scheduled for July, but importers have been paying deposits equal to the duty since preliminary rulings were made months ago.
In the case of footwear, the commission recommended that Mr. Reagan curb imports with a five-year global quota to give the U.S. industry some breathing space to modernize.